Sahiwal is a city in Punjab, Pakistan. This city was a small village on the Karachi-Lahore railway line during 1865 when it was named Montgomery after Sir Robert Montgomery, then Lieutenant-Governor of Punjab. It was given its current name during 1966 after the Sahi clan of Kharal Rajputs who were the inhabitants of this area. It is the administrative centre of Sahiwal District and Sahiwal Division. The districts of Okara and Pakpattan are in Sahiwal division. Sahiwal is approximately 180 km from the major city Lahore. And it is the biggest city between Lahore and Multan. The population is 207,388.
Sahiwal District is included in the former Multan Division and is between 30-39 north latitude and 73-06 longitude. The city is in the densely populated region between the Sutlej and Ravi rivers. Irrigation in the region is provided by the Bari Doab Canal system. The principal crops are wheat, cotton, tobacco, legumes, potato and oilseeds. Cotton goods and lacquered woodwork are manufactured. About 18 miles southwest of Sahiwal is Harappa, an ancient city, oldest urban site of Harappan or Indus civilization in South Asia. About 28 miles (45 km) west of Sahiwal, at Kamalia, is the site of a Malli city captured by Alexander the Great during 325 bc. Pop. (1998) city, 207,388. The people of Sahiwal are known as Sahiwalians.
This city got its name from the first inhabitants of this city the Sahis of kharal / Jatt origin. Sahis had their first settlement at the place called Yaadgar-e-Sahiwal. When the development was started during British rule in this area during 1865, Sahis moved to Chak No.60-61/G.D. Rai Haji Ali Sher Sahi is a major person amongst the Sahis in this region